STL Archives Erythromycin
All STL articles by: Erythromycin
Truncal acne refers to AV affecting the chest and/or back, a common presentation in acne patients. This article offers guidance in clinical differentiation of truncal acne from other acneiform diseases and provides management recommendations.
Administration of antibiotics, often for prolonged periods, has become the standard of care for acne. The authors provide current evidence to suggest that dermatologists should consider a departure from standard operating procedure by curtailing, if not discontinuing, the routine and regular use of antibiotics for acne.
Rosacea is a common chronic skin disorder that has significant impact on the quality of life of affected individuals. Research interest has led to the development of other emerging therapies including topical ivermectin, brimonidine and oxymetazoline that hold promise for patients suffering from this condition.
Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is an anaerobic bacteria implicated in the pathogenesis of acne. Current treatment guidelines offer strategies to limit the potential for resistance while achieving optimal outcome in the management of inflammatory and non-inflammatory acne.
Acne vulgaris is a common chronic inflammatory cutaneous disease involving the pilosebaceous unit. This article discusses the multifactorial nature of acne pathophysiology, therapeutics, and mechanism of action.
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors are an increasingly important treatment option for metastasized cancer in patients. We present an overview of the various cutaneous side-effects associated with EGFR inhibition and discuss their respective therapeutic options.
Benzoyl peroxide is one of the most widely used topical agents for acne. This article discusses the anti-inflammatory and comedolytic effects of benzoyl peroxide.
In atopic dermatitis, the stratum corneum of patients appears to have alterations that predispose them to colonization and invasion by various bacteria. Retapamulin appears to be a much needed antimicrobial option for treating the atopic dermatitis population due to their common carriage of bacterial pathogens.
Pityriasis rosea is a common skin disorder in children and young adults. It is a self-limiting disease with symptoms that are typically mild and tolerable, however, there are times when treatment is warranted. In this paper, we review the available treatments for this skin disease.
Many options exist for the treatment of rosacea, including topical and systemic therapies, laser and light-based therapies, and surgical procedures. The goals of therapy include reduction of papules, pustules, erythema, physical discomfort, and an improvement in quality of life.
In this article storage guidelines for common dermatology drugs are provided. We suspect that drug degradation is common due to improper storage and that improved patient instruction regarding storage will reduce degradation and alleviate some of the danger associated with improper storage and usage patterns.
A vast spectrum of topical anti-acne agents has emerged in response to new insights that have been gained through the understanding of disease pathophysiology and the need for clinicians to adopt an individualized therapeutic approach.
Combination therapy is a strategy of combining antibiotic treatments with other treatments with different mechanisms of action to treat acne. This has the effect of preventing or mitigating the unwanted effects of antibiotic resistant bacteria, and may confer other benefits such as lower required dosage as well.
Oral contraceptives can have side-effects that are undesirable. Common and rare side-effects, contraindications, and possible drug interactions.
The elderly population is increasing and drug dosing requires special considerations for efficacy and decreasing toxicity. This overview provides algorithms for adjusting drug and dosage based on current evidence-based knowledge with emphasis on drugs prescribed in dermatological practice.
Although the developing fetus was once considered protected from the outside world, we now know that it can potentially be affected by any medication given to the mother. Therapeutic options available for these patients will be discussed.
Chronic urticaria is a common dermatologic condition that is idiopathic in most cases. Antihistamines are the mainstays of treatment for this condition. The newer, second and third generation antihistamines are the preferred agents because of their improved safety profile and comparable efficacy to the first generation antihistamines.
Acne is a multifactorial disease of the pilosebaceous unit in the skin. Four contributing pathogenic factors need to be elucidated and include excess sebum production, follicular hyperkeratinization, colonization of the pilosebaceous unit by Propionibacterium acnes.
Clindoxyl® Gel (Stiefel) is a combination of 1% clindamycin phosphate and 5% benzoyl peroxide in a gel vehicle that is well tolerated and more efficacious than either active agent alone or the vehicle in reducing lesion counts and improving global scores in patients with moderate acne.
Use of medications by breast-feeding mothers is not uncommon. Information regarding the safety of common dermatological medications during lactation will be reviewed. Based on this information, treatment recommendations will be made.
Psoriasis, acne vulgaris and photoaging are common conditions. Tazarotene is a pro-drug of tazarotenic acid, a receptor-selective retinoid, which has shown efficacy in the treatment of these disorders. In the treatment of acne vulgaris, it has greater comedolytic activity than the currently available topical retinoids.
Moxifloxacin (Avelox®, Bayer), which is available for oral administration, is a broad-spectrum synthetic antimicrobial agent with excellent Gram-positive activity and good Gram-negative activity. The US FDA recently approved this drug for the treatment of bacterial skin infections.
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LATEST: VOL 23-1, JAN 2018
Recent advances in the treatment of hereditary angioedema, particularly in the last decade has been promising. This paper reviews the mechanisms, efficacy, and adverse reactions associated with these new treatment medications.
An increasing body of research indicates that dietary change may serve as a component of therapy for certain skin conditions. This includes conditions such as acne, atopic dermatitis, aging skin, psoriasis, and rosacea. This article takes a high level overview of the role that diet may play in these conditions.
Update on drugs includes Onabotulinum-toxinA for injection (Botox® Cosmetic), Hyaluronic acid dermal filler (Restylane® Silk), Ustekinumab for SC injection (Stelara®), Golimumab for IV infusion (RSimponi Aria®), Herpes zoster vaccine (non-live recombinant, AS01B adjuvanted) suspension for IM injection (Shingrix), Brentuximab vedotin for IV infusion (Adcetris®)