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Derm News: 2007.10(10)

Effect of Pulse Width of a 595-nm Flashlamp-Pumped Pulsed Dye Laser on the Treatment Response of Keloidal and Hypertrophic Sternotomy Scars

Dermatologic Surgery, 33(2):152-161
WORAPHONG MANUSKIATTI MD, RUNGSIMA WANITPHAKDEEDECHA MD, RICHARD E. FITZPATRICK MD
ABSTRACT

Background

Flashlamp-pumped pulsed dye lasers (PDLs) have successfully treated keloidal and hypertrophic scars.

Objectives

The Objective was to investigate the effect of pulse width of a PDL in treating keloidal and hypertrophic scars.

Methods

On each of 19 patients, keloidal or hypertrophic median sternotomy scars were divided into two segments. Both segments on all patients were randomly treated with a 595-nm PDL at a fluence of 7 J/cm2 and pulse widths of 0.45 and 40 ms to both segments, every 4 weeks for a total of three treatments. Scar volume, height, erythema, and pliability were measured at Weeks 0, 4, 8, and 24.

Results

The volume of segments treated with 0.45- and 40-ms pulses decreased significantly after two treatments. Segments treated with a 0.45-ms pulse width showed significantly greater improvement than those treated with 40-ms pulses after three treatments. Elasticity of 0.45-ms segments was significantly higher than those of 40-ms segments, following two treatments. Pulse width had no significant effect in improvement of scar erythema.

Conclusions

A pulse width of 0.45 ms of PDL was more effective in decreasing scar size and improving scar pliability than that of 40 ms. A 595-nm PDL was safe and effective in treatment of hypertrophic scars and keloids in dark-skinned individuals.


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The Derm News service provided by the Editorial Consultants of Skin Therapy Letter© and its founding editor Dr. Stuart Maddin.