Skin Therapy Letter HOME
Written for dermatologists by dermatologists. Indexed by the US National Library of Medicine.
Skin Information
NETWORK
Skin Therapy Letter About STL Subscribe Today SkinCareGuide Network Site Map
CUSTOM DERMATOLOGY SEARCH:
Loading
2007.20(1)

Derm News: 2007.20(1)

Number of allergens to be tested to assess allergenic sensitization in epidemiologic studies: results of the European Community Respiratory Health Survey I

Clinical & Experimental Allergy, 37(5):780-787
P.-J. Bousquet, R. Hooper, M. Kogevinas, D. Jarvis, P. Burney
ABSTRACT

Background

Many clinical and epidemiological studies have measured the prevalence of IgE sensitization using skin tests and/or serum-specific IgE. Most of them have been done in only one country using a battery of selected allergens relevant to that country. In multi-centre studies, the number of tested allergens is often limited by the cost. It is therefore difficult to compare prevalence of sensitized subjects between studies.

Objectives

To define the number and the type of allergen that should be tested in order to characterize a person as sensitized.

Methods

Subjects were selected from the European Community Respiratory Health Survey I. All subjects underwent skin prick tests to nine of the most common allergens. In addition, two local allergens were tested in some centres.

Results

Using nine allergens, 35.6% of the 11 355 subjects were sensitized. The prevalence of sensitization increased with the number of tested allergens. Seven allergens enabled the identification of almost all sensitized subjects, adding another one inducing, in most countries, an increase of prevalence under 0.5%. Adding one local allergen to the battery of tests increased the overall estimated prevalence by only 1%. This increase was not seen in Ireland and was less marked in the United Kingdom (0.3%) but was greater in France (2.6%), Australia (2.5%) and Belgium (1.9%).

Conclusions

Seven selected allergens (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, cat, grass, birch, olive pollen, Alternaria and Cladosporium) allow the identification of almost all sensitized subjects in epidemiologic studies. Inclusion of local allergen should be considered in a standard panel for international studies.


    Back to Current Volume:   Dermatology News 2007.20


The Derm News service provided by the Editorial Consultants of Skin Therapy Letter© and its founding editor Dr. Stuart Maddin.