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Derm News: 2007.9(8)

Long-term treatment of plaque psoriasis with efalizumab: an Italian experience

British Journal of Dermatology, April 2007;156(s2):17-23
A. Costanzo, K. Peris, M. Talamonti, A. Di Cesare, M. Concetta Fargnoli, E. Botti, S. Chimenti

Biologic agents are an important new class of drugs, offering targeted treatment for chronic skin diseases such as psoriasis. The biologic therapy efalizumab is an anti-CD11a monoclonal antibody, which was approved by the European regulatory agency in 2004 for the treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis.

Here we describe our 2-year experience in treating over 100 patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis with efalizumab at two dermatology centres in Italy. Overall, we found efalizumab is efficacious for a large subset of patients, regardless of previous therapies received, and has an easily manageable safety profile. We believe one important quality of efalizumab is the stability and maintenance of clinical response over time. We found that most patients who respond to treatment experience a long-term clearing of psoriasis with only mild recurrence events.

Our experience with individual cases provides specific insights into efalizumab re-treatment, the use of efalizumab in patients with a history of heart failure, and the management of patients who become pregnant or conceive while receiving efalizumab therapy. In summary, our off-trial experience in over 100 patients confirms the efficacy and safety of efalizumab in the treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis.

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The Derm News service provided by the Editorial Consultants of Skin Therapy Letter© and its founding editor Dr. Stuart Maddin.