Janus kinase inhibitors, also known as JAK inhibitors or jakinibs, represent a new class of medication that have broad potential to treat dermatologic disease.
Topical immunotherapy with diphencyprone (DPCP) for the treatment of severe alopecia areata has been used since 1983 and is felt to be the treatment of choice by many dermatologists. Although there have been no major side effects reported since its initial use, there remain some unknowns regarding its safety.
Frontal fibrosing alopecia has become one of the most frequently seen causes of scarring alopecia at many specialist hair clinics. It has distinctive features and associations which distinguish it from LPP. Discussion includes familial or genetic factors, etiology, and trials.
Hair loss is a widespread complaint that carries a significant psychosocial burden for affected individuals. Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is the predominant cause of hair loss seen in the dermatology clinic. This article reviews a range of therapies that are available for AGA treatment.
This update summarizes current concepts, relevance, and therapeutics in psychodermatology, including aspects pertinent to depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, impulse-control, and delusional disorders as described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5)
Autoimmune blistering diseases are rare, but potentially debilitating characterized by varying degrees of mucosal and cutaneous bullae formation. This article discusses individually tailored treatment, diagnosis, severity, comorbidities, and tolerance for systemic therapy.
As hair transplant surgery has evolved, combinations of micrografting and minigrafting have enabled physicians to produce ever more natural combinations of both. A wide range of men and women can now receive significant aesthetic benefits from hair transplants.
Hair loss is a common dermatological problem that affects a large segment of the population both physically and psychologically. This article focuses on androgenetic alopecia (AGA) or male pattern hair loss, as well as the common treatments, Minoxidil and other topical treatments.
Finasteride 1 mg (Propecia®, Merck) was approved by the US FDA December, 1997 for the treatment of male pattern hair loss (androgenetic alopecia, AGA) in men only. Safety and efficacy were demonstrated in men between 18 and 41 years of age with mild to moderate hair loss of the vertex and anterior mid-scalp area.
Hair loss is a common dermatological problem that affects a large segment of the population both physically and psychologically. Currently, only one topical agent is approved for treatment of hair loss in men, although other treatments are being clinically investigated.
Topical ruxolitinib shows promise in various dermatological conditions, including atopic dermatitis, vitiligo, psoriasis, and lichen planus, with a favorable safety profile compared to oral JAK inhibitors. However, its effectiveness in alopecia areata remains inconclusive.
The Evolving Story of JAK Inhibitors for Treating Alopecia Areata: A Review of Current Progress and Future Directions
Oral JAK inhibitors are now the first-line treatment for advanced alopecia areata, surpassing topical JAK inhibitors. Baricitinib's FDA approval in 2022 was a significant milestone. More JAK inhibitors are being studied, and additional medications may gain approval soon. JAK inhibitors show promise for alopecia areata with a generally good safety profile, but long-term data is lacking.