STL Index for: Diagnosis

Rosacea: An Update in Diagnosis, Classification and Management

This review details the rosacea phenotype approach to diagnosis and classification, and summarizes current evidence-based treatment recommendations for individual features.

Crisaborole 2% Ointment for Mild-to-Moderate Atopic Dermatitis

Crisaborole provides a novel and safe treatment option for mild-to-moderate AD.

Long-term Efficacy and Safety of Once-daily Efinaconazole 10% Topical Solution (Jublia) for Dermatophyte Toenail Onychomycosis: An Interim Analysis

Early clinical trial data indicate the increasing effectiveness and safety of efinaconazole 10% solution use beyond 12 months; application for up to 24 months appears to remain safe even for elderly patients.

Pediatric Psoriasis Comorbidities

While the association between psoriasis and various comorbidities is well documented in adults, questions remain as to whether the same relationships exist in the pediatric population.

The Role of Skin Care in Oncology Patients

The consensus paper aims to identify the impact on patients of skin toxicities associated with cancer treatment and evidence-based best practices for skincare to minimize or prevent these changes.

Management of Primary Small-Vessel Vasculitis

Small-vessel vasculitides (SVV) are a group of disorders that occur due to primarily systemic inflammation or as sequelae of an infection, malignancy, or other rheumatic disease.

Management of Ichthyosis: A Brief Review

Ichthyosis management requires a multimodal approach, including topical and oral agents in addition to lifestyle modifications.

Efinaconazole in the Treatment of Onychomycosis: Managing Patient Expectations and Promoting Compliance

Onychomycosis, also known as tinea unguium, is a progressive fungal infection of the nails resulting in discoloration, nail plate thickening, and onycholysis. Efinaconazole 10% solution is an effective and convenient topical antifungal treatment for onychomycosis, with toenail mycological cure rates between 53.4% and 55.2% and complete cure rates between 15.2% and 17.8%.

Diagnosis and Management of Atopic Dermatitis for Family Physicians: A Clinical Review

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic and pruritic inflammatory disease that affects a wide age range of patients causing significant impact on their quality of life. There has been a recently updated consensus paper on the treatment of mild-to-moderate AD published by an expert panel of dermatologists and pediatricians. Family physicians are well equipped to manage...

A Clinician’s Guide to Treating Acne

In this article, we provide a guide to address a growing need by primary care physicians to have a logical and practical approach to treating various forms of acne.

Non-Invasive Gene Expression Testing to Rule Out Melanoma

The Pigmented Lesion Assay (PLA) is a gene expression test that helps rule out melanoma and has the potential to reduce the need for surgical biopsies of atypical pigmented skin lesions.

Management of Non-melanoma Skin Cancers in Canada

A summary of the most comprehensive and up to date guideline for treating non-melanoma skin cancer in Canada. Background, primary prevention, actinic keratosis, managing basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma, are covered.

Chronic Urticaria: Following Practice Guidelines

Urticaria is a common, mast-cell-driven disease, characterized clinically by the development of wheals, angioedema, or both. A large body of data has demonstrated that omalizumab, a biologic agent, is safe and effective in the treatment of H1- antihistamine refractory urticaria and should be considered as a third-line agent, with cyclosporin A reserved for fourth-line therapy.

A Review of Fabry Disease

A comprehensive review of Fabry Disease. Typical presentations, other signs and symptoms, differential diagnosis, as well as treatment options are discussed.

Atopic Dermatitis: A Practical Guide to Management

A group of dermatologists with extensive experience in managing pediatric and adult patients with atopic dermatitis developed practical recommendations for the management of atopic dermatitis based on expert consensus opinion and the best available medical evidence.

Understanding Truncal Acne: A Practical Guide to Diagnosis and Management

Truncal acne refers to AV affecting the chest and/or back, a common presentation in acne patients. This article offers guidance in clinical differentiation of truncal acne from other acneiform diseases and provides management recommendations.

Topical Efinaconazole in the Management of Toenail Onychomycosis

Onychomycosis is a fungal infection of the nail caused by dermatophytes, yeasts, or non-dermatophyte molds. Here we discuss using topical Efinaconazole in the management of toenail onychomycosis.

Chronic Hand Dermatitis: Case-based Approaches to Management

Practical guidelines for the management of Chronic Hand Dermatitis were published in the Skin Therapy Letter, Family Practice Edition (October 2016). This series of cases using Alitretinoin (Toctino®), is a follow on to that publication to put the guidelines into context.

Toenail Onychomycosis – A Canadian Approach with a New Transungal Treatment – a Podiatrist Perspective

A recently published clinical pathway for Toe Onychomycosis is used as the basis for the management strategy presented here, and follows a pathway reflective of the therapeutic options available in Canada.

Management of Adult Moderate-to-Severe Atopic Dermatitis: A Practical Guide for Primary Care

Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, relapsing, pruritic, inflammatory condition involving the skin which can have a significant impact on the quality of life. This article will guide the family practitioner on how to manage adults with moderate-to-severe AD and when to refer for specialist management.

A Dermatologist’s Guide to Infection Screening Prior to Initiating Immunosuppressive Therapy

In this review, we summarize the most common immunosuppressant medications currently used in dermatology, and provide recommendations for infection screening prior to initiating treatment.

Management of Chronic Hand Dermatitis: A Practical Guideline for the General Practitioner

Hand Dermatitis can have a significant impact on quality of life. It may interfere with activities both at work and in the home and can be associated with social and psychological distress. This article provides helpful practical guidance for the general practitioner in the management of patients with Hand Dermatitis.

DSM-5 Update in Psychodermatology

This update summarizes current concepts, relevance, and therapeutics in psychodermatology, including aspects pertinent to depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, impulse-control, and delusional disorders as described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5)

Hidradenitis Suppurativa: A Review with a Focus on Treatment Data

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic disease of the follicular unit that often leads to marked impairment of quality of life. This article reviews various treatment modalities for HS including laser, surgery, retinoids, immunosuppression, biologics, and antibiotics.

Pregnancy-Specific Skin Disorders

This articles discusses pregnancy-specific skin disorders: Pemphigoid gestationis, polymorphic eruption of pregnancy, atopic eruption of pregnancy, and intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. Clinical presentation, potential for fetal complications, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment are discussed.

Updates on the Management of Autoimmune Blistering Diseases

Autoimmune blistering diseases are rare, but potentially debilitating characterized by varying degrees of mucosal and cutaneous bullae formation. This article discusses individually tailored treatment, diagnosis, severity, comorbidities, and tolerance for systemic therapy.

Onychomycosis Diagnosis and Emerging Therapy

Onychomycosis is a common nail disorder for which successful treatment can be clinically challenging. Diagnosis, treatment, and management using various modalities are discussed.

An Update on the Clinical Management of Cutaneous Molluscum Contagiosum

Molluscum contagiosum is a poxvirus infection of the skin that is commonly observed in children. This articles discusses the molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV), its pathogenesis, mechanism, and treatment modalities.

Chronic Urticaria and Autoimmunity

Chronic urticaria is defined as hives, typically occurring daily, for greater than 6 weeks duration. The associations between chronic urticaria, thyroid disease, and other autoimmune disorders, as well as the implications that this holds for therapeutic intervention are reviewed.

Therapeutic Options for Vitiligo

Vitiligo is a disease that presents with depigmented skin and is associated with significant psychosocial effects. Disease progression can be unpredictable and management is challenging. This article discusses etiology, management, and treatment options.

Actinic Keratosis: A Practical Overview

Actinic keratosis (AK) is a prevalent skin condition that warrants 5.2 million office visits in the US each year. Various treatments for AK, both local and field therapy, and their appropriate use are discussed in this article.

Topical Agents for Hair Growth Promotion: What Is Out There?

Hair loss is a widespread complaint that carries a significant psychosocial burden for affected individuals. Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is the predominant cause of hair loss seen in the dermatology clinic. This article reviews a range of therapies that are available for AGA treatment.

Selected Skin Diseases with Systemic Involvement

This article discusses the role that dermatologists can play in recognizing the cutaneous manifestations linked with some systemic conditions. Identifying the underlying disorder will contribute to appropriate diagnosis and improved management.

Dermatitis Herpetiformis

Dermatitis herpetiformis is an autoimmune, pleiomorphic, papulovesicular disorder associated with celiac disease and gluten sensitivity. This article will provide a comprehensive review of Dermatitis herpetiformis, including its epidemiology, clinical and pathological findings, diagnostic evaluation, and management.

Urticaria and Angioedema: A Rational Approach to Diagnosis and Therapy

Urticaria and angioedema and some forms of this disorder may be increasing in both prevalence and severity due to changes in medications, environment and other factors. This review focuses on a rational approach to differential diagnosis and therapy of the most common forms of urticaria and angioedema.

A Practical Approach to Accurate Classification and Staging of Mycosis Fungoides and Sézary Syndrome

Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas are rare, distinct forms of non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas, of which, mycosis fungoides and Sézary syndrome are two of the most common forms. This article focuses on a multi-disciplinary approach to workup, diagnosis, and treatment of these conditions.

Device-Based Therapies for Onychomycosis Treatment

Device-based therapies are promising alternatives for the treatment of onychomycosis because they can mitigate some of the negative factors associated with treatment failure. This article reviews the case for laser and light based therapies, for the treatment of nail fungus.

Modifying the Course of Atopic Dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition. It has a relapsing course characterized by flare-ups of acute eczema on a background of chronically dry skin. The association of atopic dermatitis (AD) with asthma and allergic rhinitis is referred to as the atopic triad.

Management of Scabies

Scabies is a common contagious parasitic dermatosis. This article discusses transmission vectors like direct contact, as well as fomites like infected bedding or clothing, and management strategies.

Pediatric Psoriasis

Several variants of psoriasis are seen in children, the most prevalent types include plaque, guttate, and psoriatic diaper rash; pustular and erythrodermic psoriasis are less frequently observed. This article discusses genetic susceptibility, and environmental triggers are discussed.

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