STL Index for: Erythema

IL-12/IL-23 Inhibitors: The Advantages and Disadvantages of this Novel Approach for the Treatment of Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a common chronic inflammatory skin disease that is mediated, in part by the body’s T-cell inflammatory response mechanisms. Current data regarding the efficacy of these agents show they may have the potential to become the new clinical gold standard for biologic therapy to treat psoriasis.

Antioxidants Used in Skin Care Formulations

The formation of free radicals is a widely accepted pivotal mechanism leading to skin aging. Topical antioxidants are available in multivariate combinations through over-the-counter skin care products that are aimed at preventing the clinical signs of photoaging.

Novel Topical Drug Delivery Systems and Their Potential Use in Acne Vulgaris

A vast spectrum of topical anti-acne agents has emerged in response to new insights that have been gained through the understanding of disease pathophysiology and the need for clinicians to adopt an individualized therapeutic approach.

The Role of the Dermatologist in Identification and Treatment of the Early Stages of Psoriatic Arthritis

Early diagnosis of psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is essential for preventing disease progression and joint destruction. We will review the presentation and temporal relationship of psoriasis and PsA, the diagnosis, classification, and management and the role of the dermatologist.

Efficacy of Lasers and PDT for the Treatment of Acne Vulgaris

Acne vulgaris can represent a therapeutic challenge in terms of managing ongoing symptoms and preventing scar formation. Dermatologists may now have viable new alternatives for treating all grades of acne severity that circumvent the negative side-effects associated with many conventional options.

Cutaneous Reactions to Anticancer Agents Targeting the Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor: A Dermatology-Oncology Perspective

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is often overexpressed or dysregulated in solid tumors. Targeting the EGFR-mediated signaling pathway has become routine practice in the treatment of lung, pancreatic, head and neck, and colon carcinomas.

Minocycline (Minocin, Dynacin, Vectrin) Side Effects, Safety and Risks

Side effects, safety and risks of Minocycline (Minocin, Dynacin, Vectrin) are discussed in this article. Topics include drug interactions, bacterial resistance, as well as other adverse effects.

Systemic Therapy for Rosacea

Rosacea is a common condition that affects people of all races. More aggressive and innovative uses of existing oral agents have resulted in novel therapeutic approaches, which can provide long-term therapy and sustained remission.

IVIG for the Treatment of Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis

Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) has been proposed as a treatment for toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) and Stevens-Johnson Syndrome (SJS). A multi-center, comparative, long-term analysis needs to be conducted to determine the role of IVIG in the management of patients with SJS/TEN.

Topical Treatments for Melasma and Postinflammatory Hyperpigmentation

Hyperpigmentation disorders of the skin are common and can be the source of significant psychosocial distress for patients. Topical applications are the mainstay of treatment and include phenols, retinoids, corticosteroids, and their combinations.

Oral Therapy for the Treatment of Rosacea

Novel uses of old medications and new formulations of systemic medications have broadened the therapeutic armamentarium for treating rosacea patients. It is of primary importance to offer patients safe and effective therapies for this chronic and incurable condition, improving both the clinical and psychosocial consequences of rosacea.

Plasma Skin Regeneration Technology

Plasma skin regeneration technology uses energy delivered from plasma rather than light or radiofrequency. Plasma skin regeneration technology can be used at varying energies for different depths of effect, from superficial epidermal sloughing to deeper dermal heating.

Practical Management Strategies for Diaper Dermatitis

Common diaper dermatitis is an irritant contact diaper dermatitis (IDD) created by the combined influence of moisture, warmth, urine, feces, friction, and secondary infection. This article will focus on practical management strategies for IDD.

A Summary of Approved Topical Treatments for Rosacea

Today, diagnosing and treating rosacea remains a challenge. More studies are necessary to provide additional insight on drugs currently available as well as possible future agents. The ultimate goal is to provide each patient with a treatment regimen best suited for his or her individual needs.

An Update on the Role of Topical Metronidazole in Rosacea

Topical metronidazole has been used for the treatment of rosacea for over 30 years. Several placebo-controlled trials have demonstrated its effectiveness in the treatment of moderate-to-severe rosacea.

New Classification of Rosacea and Present Therapy for Family Practitioners

There are currently no laboratory tests to diagnose rosacea; it remains a clinical diagnosis. The actual pathophysiology and etiology of rosacea also remain unclear; however, quite recently the spectrum of rosacea has been classified and standardized.

Etanercept for the Treatment of Psoriasis

Etanercept has recently been approved for the treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis at a dose of 50mg twice per week for 12 weeks followed by a maintenance dose of 50mg once weekly thereafter. Clinical studies have shown excellent efficacy and a good safety profile in patients with psoriasis.

Imiquimod 5% Cream for the Treatment of Actinic Keratoses

Actinic keratoses (AKs) are premalignant inflammatory skin lesions with the potential to transform into squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). There are several treatment options available for patients presenting with multiple AKs. Imiquimod is believed to stimulate and enhance host immune responses locally against skin tumors and viral infections.

Treatment of Photoaging with Topical Aminolevulinic Acid and Light

Photodynamic therapy has been used for several years for the treatment of actinic keratoses and prevention of invasive nonmelanoma cancers. Recently, increasing physician expertise with the topical sensitizers and light sources employed in PDT has led to expanded applications.

Ablative Laser Resurfacing – Postoperative Care

Wound care after laser skin resurfacing is critical for achieving a successful result. The superficial thermal injury created by laser skin resurfacing heals more quickly and with a reduced risk of scarring under occlusion. Effective management techniques can help minimize expected negative effects.

Ciclopirox Shampoo for Treating Seborrheic Dermatitis

Seborrheic dermatitis is a common inflammatory skin disease, affecting between 1% and 3% of immunocompetent adults. While its cause is unknown, a number of predisposing factors have been reported, including the implications of Malassezia yeasts.

Chemical Peels

With so many new peel preparations on the market today, the dermatologist must ask himself basic questions concerning the products. The most important question is directed to the medical literature rather than the advertising or marketing campaign so common among marketdriven cosmetic products.

The Treatment of Atopic Dermatitis and Other Dermatoses with Leukotriene Antagonists

The exact mechanism of action of leukotriene receptor antagonists in Atopic Dermatitis is not known. In small clinical and case studies, montelukast was found to be a safe and effective alternative or steroid-sparing therapy in the management of patients with atopic dermatitis.

Laser Treatment of Scars

Over the past decade, refinements in laser technology as well as advances in laser techniques have enabled dermatologic surgeons to define the most appropriate lasers to use for different scar types without the adverse sequelae and recurrence rates noted with older surgical revision techniques and continuous wave laser systems.

Nonablative Laser and Light Therapy: An Approach to Patient and Device Selection

Nonablative laser and light therapy is a relatively novel modality for the improvement of the visual appearance of photodamaged, scarred, and injured skin. A number of different wavelengths and devices have been purported to be efficacious for the delivery of nonablative therapy.

Novel Dermatologic Uses of the Immune Response Modifier Imiquimod 5% Cream

Imiquimod is the first of a new class of drugs to emerge in the treatment of various dermatologic disorders. As an immune response modifier, it has been shown to have potent antiviral and antitumor properties through the stimulation of innate and cell mediated immune pathways.

Butenafine: An Update of Its Use in Superficial Mycoses

Butenafine may be effective and safe in the treatment of interdigital tinea pedis (apply twice daily for 1 week or once daily for 4 weeks), tinea corporis/ tinea cruris (apply twice daily for 2 weeks), and pityriasis versicolor (apply once daily for two weeks).

Systemic Antibiotic Therapy for Acne: A Review

Acne is a multifactorial disease of the pilosebaceous unit in the skin. Four contributing pathogenic factors need to be elucidated and include excess sebum production, follicular hyperkeratinization, colonization of the pilosebaceous unit by Propionibacterium acnes.

Topical Tazarotene Therapy for Psoriasis, Acne Vulgaris, and Photoaging

Psoriasis, acne vulgaris and photoaging are common conditions. Tazarotene is a pro-drug of tazarotenic acid, a receptor-selective retinoid, which has shown efficacy in the treatment of these disorders. In the treatment of acne vulgaris, it has greater comedolytic activity than the currently available topical retinoids.

Topical Metronidazole for Rosacea

Rosacea is relatively common, typically occurring in individuals of Northern European and Celtic origin between 30 and 50 years of age. It is more common in women, but may be more severe in men. Currently there is no cure available for rosacea, but it can be controlled with topical and oral drug therapy.

A New Formulation Containing Sunscreen (SPF-15) And 1% Metronidazole (ROSASOL Cream) In The Treatment Of Rosacea

ROSASOL Cream is a novel topical formulation of 1% metronidazole in a vehicle containing sunscreens (SPF 15). This product has demonstrated efficacy in the treatment of inflammatory lesions, erythema, and telangiectasiae associated with rosacea.

Imiquimod Applied Topically: A Novel Immune Response Modifier

Imiquimod (S-26308, R-837) (1-(2-methylpropyl)-1H-imidazo[4,5-c]quinolin-4 amine), an immune response modifier, was approved as a 5% cream (Aldara, 3M Pharmaceuticals) by the US FDA in February 1997, for the treatment of genital and perianal warts.

Current Therapy in Behçet’s Disease

Behçet’s disease is an inflammatory disorder of unknown cause. There is often involvement of the gastrointestinal system, the central nervous system and large vessels, which can be life-threatening. As well, ocular lesions can cause blindness. Mucocutaneous symptoms are self-limiting but more frequent.

Rosacea

Clinical rosacea is not a single disease but rather a combination of cutaneous stigmata which include flushing, erythema, telangiectasia, facial edema, papules, pustules, ocular lesions, and rhinophyma. A review of rosacea, treatment, and management.

Thalidomide

For Erythema Nodosum Leprosum there are no good alternative treatments to thalidomide. ENL is a severe and painful complication for approximately half of all leprosy patients, affecting about two million people worldwide. A review of thalidomide.

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