STL Index for: inflammation
This guide will help you navigate the benefits of recent advancements in topical drug formulations and delivery systems. These innovations address limitations seen in older formulations, ensuring efficient and uniform delivery of active ingredients to target areas, improving patient acceptability, and enhancing treatment outcomes.
Casmo Prevention and Management of Four Common Cutaneous Toxicities Associated with Targeted Cancer Therapies: Papulopustular Eruption, Xerosis, Paronychia, and...
Advances in cancer treatment have contributed to a reduction in mortality but survivors and healthcare providers should be aware of the potential adverse effects of these advanced treatments.
Psoriasis vulgaris is a chronic, immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease affecting 2-4% of the Canadian population. While most psoriasis vulgaris cases are mild-to-moderate (>80%) and do not require systemic treatment, these cases can still be particularly challenging to treat as topical therapies present limitations, including efficacy and administration, leading to poor long-term treatment compliance and unsatisfactory treatment responses. The intent of this paper is to provide physicians with a clinically relevant review of the currently available and newly developed topical therapies...
The Evolving Story of JAK Inhibitors for Treating Alopecia Areata: A Review of Current Progress and Future Directions
Oral JAK inhibitors are now the first-line treatment for advanced alopecia areata, surpassing topical JAK inhibitors. Baricitinib's FDA approval in 2022 was a significant milestone. More JAK inhibitors are being studied, and additional medications may gain approval soon. JAK inhibitors show promise for alopecia areata with a generally good safety profile, but long-term data is lacking.
Topical ruxolitinib shows promise in various dermatological conditions, including atopic dermatitis, vitiligo, psoriasis, and lichen planus, with a favorable safety profile compared to oral JAK inhibitors. However, its effectiveness in alopecia areata remains inconclusive.
Peri-procedural measures in dermato-surgery depend on patient factors and procedure type. Standardized guidelines support healthcare providers in optimizing outcomes, preventing infection, and reducing recovery time. Research is needed to evaluate purpose-designed moisturizers for post-procedural application and improving patient outcomes.
The proper and suitable application of antibiotics is crucial in maintaining their effectiveness amidst growing antibiotic resistance. Nevertheless, it is essential for prescribing practitioners to have a heightened understanding of resistance causes and strategies to counteract them.
Drs. Joël Claveau & Julien Ringuet, two Canadian dermatologists with prominent clinical and research practices, attended the Les Journées Dermatologiques de Paris conference in Nov-Dec 2022, with a focus on presentations and posters about psoriasis. This article reviews key insights they obtained at the meeting.
Topical retinoids are recommended as first-line therapy for most patients with acne. Tazarotene 0.045% lotion is a novel formulation that utilizes polymeric emulsion technology to improve tolerability and epidermal penetration.
Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) is an immune-mediated, severe cutaneous adverse drug reaction characterized by epidermal detachment affecting greater than 30% body surface area.
CaSMO Management of Cutaneous Toxicities Associated with Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors: A Practical Primer
The management of cirAEs starts with physician awareness and patient education on the occurrence of toxicities, preventive measures, and skincare using gentle cleansers, moisturizers, and sunscreen started before immunotherapy begins and ongoing thereafter as part of the lifestyle.
Tazarotene 0.045% lotion is a novel formulation which utilizes polymeric emulsion technology to improve tolerability and epidermal penetration. Despite the lower concentration of tazarotene in the lotion formulation, which likely also contributes to improved tolerability, tazarotene 0.045% lotion is at least as effective as tazarotene 0.1% cream.
Clascoterone 1% cream represents a novel and promising therapeutic agent in the management of acne vulgaris for individuals ≥12 years of age. Notably, this topical agent was not observed to have significant systemic effects seen with systemic anti-androgenic agents.
Janus Kinase and Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitors in Dermatology: A Review of Their Utilization, Safety Profile and Future Applications
Currently, JAK inhibitors are only FDA approved for dermatologic, rheumatologic, and hematologic conditions. Recent studies show the utility of JAK inhibitors in treating atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, vitiligo, and alopecia areata.
This index covers all articles published in Skin Therapy Letter Dermatology Edition articles in 2021. Articles are indexed by drug names, trade names and disease terms. Bold entries refer to major references.
Canadian Skin Management in Oncology Group (Casmo) Algorithm for the Prevention and Management of Acute Radiation Dermatitis
The Canadian Skin Management in Oncology Group (CaSMO) developed an algorithm for the reduction of severity and management of acute RD, which follows previous publications from this group that addressed general oncology-treatment related cutaneous adverse events [AEs], prevention, and skin management.
Mild to moderate atopic dermatitis (AD) is often controlled by behavioral measures such as skincare and avoidance of triggers in addition to topical treatments such as topical corticosteroids (TCS), topical calcineurin inhibitors (TCI), and crisaborole, a phosphodiesterase-4 inhibitor (PDE4-I).
This review details the rosacea phenotype approach to diagnosis and classification, and summarizes current evidence-based treatment recommendations for individual features.
Moisturizers and Cleansers in the Management of Skin Conditions Caused by Personal Protective Equipment and Frequent Handwashing
Routine moisturization with non-irritating, pH-adjusted, ceramide-based products and gentle cleansing with a pH-adjusted cleanser can treat the unique dermatological challenges posed by COVID-19.
Bimekizumab is a novel treatment for moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis that has shown promising efficacy and safety in clinical trials. By simultaneously targeting two components of the IL-17 pathway, IL-17A and IL-17F, the biologic can downregulate proinflammatory signaling and rapidly improve patients’ skin.
Novel therapeutics are currently being explored for the treatment of Prurigo Nodularis. Nemolizumab and dupilumab both demonstrate promise in inhibiting specific central nervous system pathways responsible for transmission of the pruritic sensation.
Certolizumab Pegol appears to offer a safe and effective psoriasis treatment for patients who are considering pregnancy, pregnant, or lactating based on its pharmacokinetics and available safety data.
Canadian Skin Management in Oncology (CaSMO) Algorithm for Patients with Oncology Treatment-Related Skin Toxicities
The CaSMO (Canadian Skin Management in Oncology) algorithm focuses on general skincare measures to prevent or reduce the severity of cancer-treatment-related cutaneous toxicities.
Crisaborole provides a novel and safe treatment option for mild-to-moderate AD.
This index covers all new skin treatments introduced in Skin Therapy Letter Dermatology Edition articles in 2020.
A new topical retinoid, trifarotene, the first fourth-generation retinoid, is now available in Canada for the treatment of moderate facial and truncal acne.
Janus kinase inhibitors, also known as JAK inhibitors or jakinibs, represent a new class of medication that have broad potential to treat dermatologic disease.
The addition of biologics that target IL-23p19 (Risankizumab) to our therapeutic armamentarium has succeeded in improving outcomes in patients with moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis.
The discussed cases reflect the panels’ real-world clinical experience with crisaborole for the treatment of patients with AD and the off-label treatment of irritant dermatitis.
In two large randomized vehicle-controlled 12-week trials and in a 52-week open label study of moderate-to-severe acne at the face and trunk in subjects aged 9 years and older, trifarotene 50 μg/g cream demonstrated efficacy, safety, and cutaneous tolerability.
A number of research studies have documented the link between diet and skin aging. These results may be used to develop dietary recommendations that combat the forces of oxidation, inflammation, and glycation.
Tildrakizumab is a promising therapeutic option for patients with moderate-to-severe chronic plaque psoriasis. The specificity of the drug in targeting the p19 subunit of IL-23 allows for the high efficacy and safety of long-term treatment as demonstrated in clinical trials.