STL Index for: inflammation

Management of Non-melanoma Skin Cancers in Canada

A summary of the most comprehensive and up to date guideline for treating non-melanoma skin cancer in Canada. Background, primary prevention, actinic keratosis, managing basal cell carcinoma, and squamous cell carcinoma, are covered.

Janus Kinase Inhibitors: A Review of Their Emerging Applications in Dermatology

The class of medications known as Janus kinase inhibitors block cytokine-mediated signaling via the Janus kinase-signal transducer and activator of transcription (JAK-STAT) pathway, which plays an important role in immunoregulation and normal cell growth.

Management of Acne Using a Fixed Dose Clindamycin/Tretinoin Preparation

The focus of this review is to delve deeper into the use of Biacna® Gel, a fixed-dose clindamycin/tretinoin combination product, for the treatment of acne.

Skin Treatments Introduced in 2017

A look back at skin treatments introduced in 2017 for the following type/class of therapy: Antibiotic agents, anti-cancer agents, atopic dermatitis, dermal fillers, fabry disease, hereditary angioedema, herpes zoster, hidradenitis suppurativa, psoriasis, psoriatic arthritis, rosacea...

Skin and Diet: An Update on the Role of Dietary Change as a Treatment Strategy for Skin Disease

An increasing body of research indicates that dietary change may serve as a component of therapy for certain skin conditions. This includes conditions such as acne, atopic dermatitis, aging skin, psoriasis, and rosacea. This article takes a high level overview of the role that diet may play in these conditions.

A Physician’s Guide to Treating Acne

Acne is among the most common dermatological conditions seen in primary care. In this article, we provide a guide to address a growing need by primary care physicians to have a logical and practical approach to treating various forms of acne.

Atopic Dermatitis: A Practical Guide to Management

A group of dermatologists with extensive experience in managing pediatric and adult patients with atopic dermatitis developed practical recommendations for the management of atopic dermatitis based on expert consensus opinion and the best available medical evidence.

Understanding Truncal Acne: A Practical Guide to Diagnosis and Management

Truncal acne refers to AV affecting the chest and/or back, a common presentation in acne patients. This article offers guidance in clinical differentiation of truncal acne from other acneiform diseases and provides management recommendations.

Dupilumab for Moderate-to-Severe Atopic Dermatitis

Despite a rising prevalence, effective and safe therapeutics for patients with moderate-to-severe AD are limited due to toxicity and side effects. Dupilumab, an interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13 antagonist that limits type 2 T helper (Th2) driven inflammatory activity, is a promising therapeutic option.

Real-World Efficacy of Azelaic Acid 15% Gel for the Reduction of Inflammatory Lesions of Rosacea

Use of azelaic acid was associated with a significant reduction in inflammatory lesions, which persisted beyond the active treatment phase. Overall, azelaic acid 15% gel is an appropriate initial topical therapy for the treatment of moderate facial rosacea.

Acne in the Post-Adolescent Patient

For the purposes of this article, the focus will be on the topical treatment of post-adolescent mild to moderate acne. A selection of over-the-counter and prescription based topical treatments are discussed below.

Vitamin B Derivative (Nicotinamide) Appears to Reduce Skin Cancer Risk

Recent studies have demonstrated the role of Vitamin B Derivative (Nicotinamide), in both topical and oral forms, as a chemopreventive agent against skin cancer.

Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Inhibitors: Cutaneous Side Effects and Their Management

Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitors are part of an emerging class of anticancer medicines known as "targeted therapy". Adverse effects of such treatments are thought to be less severe, but can still be significant.

Secukinumab in the Treatment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis: A Review of the Literature

Secukinumab demonstrates rapid and robust clinical improvement accompanied by a favorable short- term safety profile. The results of the phase III trials continue to reinforce the theory that the IL-17 pathway is an essential target in psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis treatment.

The New Canadian Guideline for Acne Treatment

Physicians will be particularly reassured if the suggested guidelines are supported by scientific evidence. This new Canadian clinical guideline for the treatment of acne was developed taking into account new data published up to March 2015, as well as expert opinion and clinical experience.

Tofacitinib in the Treatment of Rheumatoid Arthritis and Chronic Plaque Psoriasis

Tofacitinib is an oral immunosuppressant approved for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and is currently undergoing investigation (Phase III trials) for treating chronic plaque psoriasis.

A Review of Guselkumab, an IL-23 Inhibitor, for Moderate-to-Severe Plaque Psoriasis

Psoriasis is thought to arise from a combination of pathogenic factors including genetic susceptibility and environmental exacerbation. This article reviews the current status of guselkumab as a therapy for moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis.

Skin Treatments Introduced in 2016

The list covers new skin treatments for Actinic Keratosis, Hemangioma, Hidradenitis Suppurativa, as well as Anti-acne Agents, Antibacterial Agents, Anti-cancer Agents, Dermal Fillers, Neuromodulator and other treatments and drugs.

A Review of Brodalumab, an IL-17 Receptor Antagonist, for Moderate-to-Severe Plaque Psoriasis

Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated inflammatory disease with epidermal hyperplasia. Interleukin (IL)-17 signaling has a central role in its pathogenesis, and is being looked at as a target. The rationale for IL-17 inhibitors, clinical trial results of new drugs like Brodalumab are included.

A Dermatologist’s Guide to Infection Screening Prior to Initiating Immunosuppressive Therapy

In this review, we summarize the most common immunosuppressant medications currently used in dermatology, and provide recommendations for infection screening prior to initiating treatment.

A Review of Ixekizumab, an Anti-Interleukin-17A Monoclonal Antibody, for Moderate-to-Severe Plaque Psoriasis

Recent advances in our understanding of the innate and adaptive immune systems have led to the identification of interleukin (IL)-17 as a key pro-inflammatory mediator in psoriasis. We review phase 1-3 clinical trials of ixekizumab, for treatment of moderate-to-severe plaque psoriasis.

Apremilast in the Treatment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis (Family Practice)

Phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) is a key enzyme in the regulation of immune responses of inflammatory diseases through degradation of the second messenger, cyclic adenosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cAMP). Apremilast (APR), a selective PDE4 inhibitor, has been shown to reduce the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines.

Adalimumab (Humira) for the Treatment of Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Adalimumab (Humira®) is a novel therapy approved by the US Food and Drug Administration, Health Canada, and the European Commission for the treatment of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS). Discussion includes, safety and efficacy in clinical trials.

DSM-5 Update in Psychodermatology

This update summarizes current concepts, relevance, and therapeutics in psychodermatology, including aspects pertinent to depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive, impulse-control, and delusional disorders as described in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5)

Actikerall™ (5-Fluorouracil 0.5% and Salicylic Acid 10%) Topical Solution for Patient-directed Treatment of Actinic Keratoses

A topical formulation combining 0.5% 5-fluorouracil with 10% salicylic acid (5-FU-SA) was introduced in Europe under the trade name Actikerall™ for the treatment of AKs. Now commercially available in Canada, 5-FU-SA represents a patient applied therapeutic option. Clinical trial data is considered.

Dupilumab, A Monoclonal Antibody for Atopic Dermatitis: A Review of Current Literature

Standard therapies for atopic dermatitis have fallen short, prompting efforts to discover novel therapeutics for this disease. Dupilumab, a fully human monoclonal antibody that inhibits the actions of both IL-4 and IL-13, has shown promise.

Melasma and Post Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation: Management Update and Expert Opinion

Treatment of PIH and melasma is challenging. There are no singular therapies that are efficacious on its own. Management, sun protection, topical lightening therapy and other treatment modalities are considered in this discussion on these growing concerns.

Sugar Sag: Glycation and the Role of Diet in Aging Skin

Increased accumulation of AGEs in human tissue has been associated with serious medical concerns including end stage renal disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and, recently, skin aging. In this review, we summarize the evidence supporting the role of glycation in skin aging.

Apremilast in the Treatment of Psoriasis and Psoriatic Arthritis

Apremilast, a selective PDE4 inhibitor, has been shown to reduce the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines. A review of clinical trial data treating psoriasis, considering adverse effects, efficacy and tolerance.

Ivermectin 1% Cream for Rosacea

The etiology of papulopustular rosacea (PPR) is not well understood yet appears to involve both the innate and adaptive immune response in addition to possible infestation with Demodex mites. This article reviews data on Ivermectin cream 1%, a new topical treatment for PPR.

Hidradenitis Suppurativa: A Review with a Focus on Treatment Data

Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic disease of the follicular unit that often leads to marked impairment of quality of life. This article reviews various treatment modalities for HS including laser, surgery, retinoids, immunosuppression, biologics, and antibiotics.

Skin Treatments Introduced in 2014

An overview and update of skin treatments introduced in 2014: Quick overview of drug name, indications and regulatory status. Clindamycin phosphate 1.2% + benzoyl peroxide 3.75% gel (Onexton™), Doxycycline hyclate tablets (Acticlate™), Tretinoin gel microsphere 0.08% (Retin-A Micro®) and many other drugs are covered.

Interleukin-23 in the Pathogenesis and Treatment of Psoriasis

In the past three decades, major advances have been made in understanding the pathogenesis of psoriasis. This review focuses on the role of IL-23 in psoriasis pathogenesis and the current therapies targeting IL-23 that are being studied in clinical trials.

Sinecatechins 10% Ointment: A Green Tea Extract for the Treatment of External Genital Warts

External genital warts resulting from HPV are a common sexually transmitted infection. This article reviews data on Sinecatechins 10% ointment (a Green Tea extract), a new botanically based patient-administered therapy for external genital warts.

Interleukin-17 (IL-17) Inhibitors in the Treatment of Plaque Psoriasis: A Review

Interleukin-17 (IL-17) is believed to be a potent driver of plaque psoriasis. This article reviews efficacy and safety results from Phase 2 and 3 trials with monoclonal antibodies targeting IL-17RA (brodalumab), and IL-17A (ixekizumab and secukinumab) for the treatment of plaque psoriasis.

Pregnancy-Specific Skin Disorders

This articles discusses pregnancy-specific skin disorders: Pemphigoid gestationis, polymorphic eruption of pregnancy, atopic eruption of pregnancy, and intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. Clinical presentation, potential for fetal complications, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment are discussed.

Updates on the Management of Autoimmune Blistering Diseases

Autoimmune blistering diseases are rare, but potentially debilitating characterized by varying degrees of mucosal and cutaneous bullae formation. This article discusses individually tailored treatment, diagnosis, severity, comorbidities, and tolerance for systemic therapy.

An Update on Medical Therapies for Chemical Exfoliation

Chemical exfoliation has been used for decades to reverse the signs of aging skin and provide a cosmetic benefit. This article reviews various peeling methods and strengths, and their therapeutic potential.

Recent Approval of Xerese in Canada: 5% Acyclovir and 1% Hydrocortisone Topical Cream in the Treatment of Herpes Labialis

Herpes labialis is a frequently occurring viral infection of the lips and oral mucosa. Clinical data on the efficacy of topical combination acyclovir-hydrocortisone (Xerese™) product in treating herpes labialis are discussed.

Rosacea: An Update on Medical Therapies

Rosacea is a common, chronic cutaneous condition that affects the face. Various conventional and emerging therapies for rosacea are reviewed.

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