STL Index for: inflammation
Molluscum contagiosum is a poxvirus infection of the skin that is commonly observed in children. This articles discusses the molluscum contagiosum virus (MCV), its pathogenesis, mechanism, and treatment modalities.
Rosacea is a common, chronic cutaneous condition that affects the face. This article reviews a variety of treatments for treatments for rosacea, including topical and systemic therapies.
This article reviews topical corticosteroids (TCS) and topical calcineurin inhibitors (TCIs) to manage inflammatory conditions, its risks with long-term use, and the role of moisturizing as important therapeutic adjuncts.
Colloidal oatmeal has been used for centuries in skin care as a soothing agent to relieve itch and irritation. Its use, efficacy, and mechanism of action are discussed.
Chronic urticaria is defined as hives, typically occurring daily, for greater than 6 weeks duration. The associations between chronic urticaria, thyroid disease, and other autoimmune disorders, as well as the implications that this holds for therapeutic intervention are reviewed.
While biologics changed the way psoriasis is treated by providing effective targeted therapy, they are not without limitations. Small molecules are emerging therapeutic options for the treatment of psoriasis.
Acne vulgaris is a multifactorial disease characterized by different types of lesions at various stages of development. The most frequently used therapeutic agents for acne are topical. This article focuses on the role of vehicles and advancements in this area.
Administration of antibiotics, often for prolonged periods, has become the standard of care for acne. The authors provide current evidence to suggest that dermatologists should consider a departure from standard operating procedure by curtailing, if not discontinuing, the routine and regular use of antibiotics for acne.
Acne is among the most common dermatological disorders seen by dermatologists, affecting approximately 85% of people between the ages of 12 and 24 years. The use of adjunctive cleansers and moisturizers can help mitigate treatment side effects and subsequently enhance therapeutic efficacy.
This article discusses the role that dermatologists can play in recognizing the cutaneous manifestations linked with some systemic conditions. Identifying the underlying disorder will contribute to appropriate diagnosis and improved management.
Acne vulgaris (AV) is among the most common dermatological disorders seen by dermatologists. Emerging evidence suggests that acne is associated with epidermal barrier impairments, and this article reviews the role of moisturizing, sun protection, and patient specific skincare advice for acne patients.
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory, xerotic and pruritic skin disease of increasing prevalence affecting 15-30% of children and 2-10% of adults. AD and its associated health consequences present significant challenges to patients, particularly children and their families.
Methotrexate has been used for over half a century to treat a wide spectrum of skin conditions. This article delves into research on the pharmacogenetic properties of the drug as well as the variety of skin conditions that Methotrexate is used to treat.
Urticaria and angioedema and some forms of this disorder may be increasing in both prevalence and severity due to changes in medications, environment and other factors. This review focuses on a rational approach to differential diagnosis and therapy of the most common forms of urticaria and angioedema.
Rosacea is a common chronic skin disorder that has significant impact on the quality of life of affected individuals. Research interest has led to the development of other emerging therapies including topical ivermectin, brimonidine and oxymetazoline that hold promise for patients suffering from this condition.
Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is an anaerobic bacteria implicated in the pathogenesis of acne. Current treatment guidelines offer strategies to limit the potential for resistance while achieving optimal outcome in the management of inflammatory and non-inflammatory acne.
Pressure ulcer prevention and treatment remains a challenge for interprofessional teams in all health care sectors. This article looks at multi-disciplinary approaches that supports patients and their circle of care for treatment and management of pressure ulcers.
Dapsone 5% gel for the topical treatment for acne represents the first new anti-acne agent to gain North American regulatory approval in the past decade. Dapsone's utility is attributable to its anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties, with more prominent effects occurring in inflammatory lesions.
A Look at Epidermal Barrier Function in Atopic Dermatitis: Physiologic Lipid Replacement and the Role of Ceramides
This review summarizes and discusses the role and efficacy of moisturizers, particularly the more recently introduced ceramide-based formulations, in the skin care regimen of patients with both active and quiescent atopic dermatitis.
Acne vulgaris is the most common skin disorder affecting children and young adults in North America. This article discusses combination therapy, and simplifying treatment plans in order to increase patient adherence, which is often a critical problem in treating acne.
Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition. It has a relapsing course characterized by flare-ups of acute eczema on a background of chronically dry skin. The association of atopic dermatitis (AD) with asthma and allergic rhinitis is referred to as the atopic triad.
Biologic compounds are being used more frequently to treat a multitude of systemic inflammatory conditions. This article discusses the increased risk of opportunistic infections of tuberculosis, herpes zoster, Legionella pneumophila, and Listeria monocytogenes.
This article reviews atopic dermatitis, and its shift in the philosophy behind treatment and management. Preventative therapy, long-term strategy, and focus on quality of life.
This article discusses atopic dermatitis, its pathogenesis, and general treatment principles as well as specific therapeutic options.
This article discusses the rationale behind various topical treatments for acne to increase adherence and optimize outcomes. Efficacy, safety, antibiotic resistance, onset of action, and combination therapies are covered.
This paper focuses on a comprehensive and practical approach to classifying and managing scars in terms of colour and texture, and discusses topical treatments accessible to family physicians in more detail.
Atopic eczema (or atopic dermatitis) is a common inflammatory skin condition that dermatologists, pediatricians, family physicians, and primary-care providers see on a daily basis. Treatments, mechanism of action, preventative therapies, and the skin barrier are discussed.
Acne vulgaris is a common chronic inflammatory cutaneous disease involving the pilosebaceous unit. This article discusses the multifactorial nature of acne pathophysiology, therapeutics, and mechanism of action.
Pregnancy is characterized by multiple physiologic changes. Herein, we review the complicated relationships between psoriasis and pregnancy.
Psoriasis and eczema, especially atopic eczema, are two of the most common cutaneous conditions seen by family physicians and dermatologists. This article discusses the etiology of psoriasis and eczema, immunologic abnormalities, and the role of immune mediators.
This paper examines the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis, the skin barrier, and the role that ceramides can play in therapy.
Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory cutaneous disease involving the pilosebaceous unit. This article discusses pathophysiology, sebum production, keratinization, and the role of P.acnes in acne formation.
Hand dermatitis (HD) is a common skin disorder affecting individuals of all ages. This article looks into the challenges associated with therapy, side-effects of commonly used treatments, and long-term management plans for HD.
This article delves into appropriate use of topical therapies for acne treatment. Appropriate agent selection, tolerance, adherence, follow-up, and considerations like complexity of treatment are discussed.
Acne vulgaris is a disease of the pilosebaceous follicle characterized by non-inflammatory (open and closed comedones) and inflammatory lesions. Its pathogenesis is multifactorial - the interplay of hormonal, bacterial, and immunological (inflammatory) factors results in the formation of acne lesions.