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This article is a brief overview of OTC (over the counter) treatment options for acne, which are available to patients without a prescription. Glycolic acid, salicylic acid, and benzoyl peroxide treatments are discussed, as well as other management of other factors like dry skin.
Combination therapy is a strategy of combining antibiotic treatments with other treatments with different mechanisms of action to treat acne. This has the effect of preventing or mitigating the unwanted effects of antibiotic resistant bacteria, and may confer other benefits such as lower required dosage as well.
Isotretinoin (Accutane®) is a retinoid or vitamin A analog, which means that its molecular structure is similar to Vitamin A. Mechanism of action, efficacy, side-effects, and contraindications are discussed as well as an FAQ section for this drug.
Isotretinion is a powerful drug, and sometimes the only treatment option for severe acne. The most common side-effects such as dry skin, dry eyes, and hair problems, and headaches, and other side-effects are discussed.
Isotretinion will require monitoring by a doctor. While relatively rare, side-effects can be serious, and affect blood, bone, liver, neurologic, and muscle, and require periodic testing to ensure safety and healthy. It is also teratogenic, so pregnancy will also be a part in patient education.
Oral contraceptives (OCs) have been available since 1960, and can be useful for treating certain types of acne. Various acne-approved OCs are discussed.
This article organizes contraceptive pills is to compare the effects that the progestins that are used will have on acne.
Progestin only and combination pills are discussed in this article. Monophasic, biphasic, and triphasic pills are considered and listed.
Oral contraceptives can have side-effects that are undesirable. Common and rare side-effects, contraindications, and possible drug interactions.
Progestins have multiple influences on acne. Cyproterone acetate, found in Diane-35® seems to be an exception in that it is not affected by estrogen.
Over all, acyclovir is a safe and effective drug with rare side effects when used as short term treatment. There are some concerns about side effects when acyclovir is used as long term suppressive therapy in patients, particularly pertaining to the kidneys and the blood system.
Minocycline antibiotics are used to treat acne, rosacea, and perioral dermatitis. Considerations like appropriate dosing, cost of treatments, and patient compliance issues are discussed as well as efficacy.
Elidel (Pimecrolimus) is discussed in the context of dosing, efficacy, compliance, and cost of treatment are discussed.
Elidel (Pimecrolimus) is indicated for patients with mild to moderate atopic dermatitis. This article discusses patient profiles, and use in a variety of dermatological conditions.
Elidel (Pimecrolimus), its side effects, safety, and risks are discussed in this article. Various potential risks are discussed and debated.
This article summarizes the clinical indications and findings of Cutivate (Fluticasone Propionate). Guidelines are also provided for treating atopic dermatitis.
Dosing, compliance, side-effects, and the cost of Cutivate (Fluticasone Propionate) are discussed in this article.
Dermatological and non-dermatological indications for minocycline ((Minocin®, Dynacin®, Vectrin®) are discussed in depth in this article.
Suitable and unsuitable patient profiles for minocycline is discussed in this article. Important takeaways from clinical experience with minocycline is also in this article.
Side effects, safety and risks of Minocycline (Minocin, Dynacin, Vectrin) are discussed in this article. Topics include drug interactions, bacterial resistance, as well as other adverse effects.