Young adult populations (18-25 years of age) throughout the world have latched onto the mainstream trend of body piercing. Best health care practices for these individuals involves the knowledge of proper procedural techniques, postsite care, common complications, and treatment modalities.
Antibiotic prophylaxis aims to prevent wound infections and provide adequate antibiotic cover for patients with prostheses or at risk for endocarditis. Most recommendations are based spread of risk factors may not accurately predict the risks for patients. A case for prophylaxis is made.
Recognition and appropriate treatment of these common bacterial skin infections, while at times challenging, can be very rewarding for both the physician and the patient. Selecting the right therapy from the beginning should help minimize complications, reduce the number of hospitalizations, and may also help reduce the climbing incidence of bacterial resistance.
Moxifloxacin (Avelox®, Bayer), which is available for oral administration, is a broad-spectrum synthetic antimicrobial agent with excellent Gram-positive activity and good Gram-negative activity. The US FDA recently approved this drug for the treatment of bacterial skin infections.
This article reviews the mechanism of action, efficacy, bacterial coverage, and potential side effects for dalbavancin and oritavancin, both semisynthetic lipoglycopeptide antibiotics, and tedizolid, an oxazolidinone.
Retapamulin: What is the Role of this Topical Antimicrobial in the Treatment of Bacterial Infections in Atopic Dermatitis?
In atopic dermatitis, the stratum corneum of patients appears to have alterations that predispose them to colonization and invasion by various bacteria. Retapamulin appears to be a much needed antimicrobial option for treating the atopic dermatitis population due to their common carriage of bacterial pathogens.