Therapeutic Options for Vitiligo
Vitiligo is a disease that presents with depigmented skin and is associated with significant psychosocial effects. Disease progression can be unpredictable and management is challenging. This article discusses etiology, management, and treatment options.
The Health Controversies of Parabens
Parabens are preservatives used in a variety of personal care, cosmetic, pharmaceutical and food products. Discovery of parabens in the breast tissue of patients with breast cancer has raised public concern over their use. This article discusses the controversy, research, regulations, and possible alternatives.
Advances in Topical Acne Therapy: New Molecules, Vehicles and Delivery Mechanisms
Acne vulgaris is a multifactorial disease characterized by different types of lesions at various stages of development. The most frequently used therapeutic agents for acne are topical. This article focuses on the role of vehicles and advancements in this area.
There is a growing demand for the removal of unwanted facial and body hair in both men and women. This article reviews chemical depilatories and other modalities, their method of action, characteristics, advantages and disadvantages.
Sun Protection Using Sunscreens
There are benefits and risks to sunlight exposure of the skin. This article covers a variety of topics, including the effects of UVA and UVB, vitamin D, skin tone, skin cancer risk, and SPF.
Actinic Keratosis: A Practical Overview
Actinic keratosis (AK) is a prevalent skin condition that warrants 5.2 million office visits in the US each year. Various treatments for AK, both local and field therapy, and their appropriate use are discussed in this article.
Skin Treatments Introduced in 2012
Skin Treatments Introduced in 2012. Adapalene 0.1% + benzoyl peroxide 2.5% gel (Epiduo®), Adapalene 0.3% gel (Differin®), Tazarotene 0.1% foam (Fabior™), CIP-Isotretinoin capsule Epuris™ (in Canada) Absorica™ (in US), Ingenol mebutate gel (0.015%, 0.05%) Picato®and more are covered.
Adjunctive Skin Care for Acne
Acne vulgaris (AV) is among the most common dermatological disorders seen by dermatologists. Emerging evidence suggests that acne is associated with epidermal barrier impairments, and this article reviews the role of moisturizing, sun protection, and patient specific skincare advice for acne patients.
Androgenetic Alopecia: A Review of Topical Agents for Hair Growth Promotion (Family Practice)
Hair loss is a common dermatological problem that affects a large segment of the population both physically and psychologically. This article focuses on androgenetic alopecia (AGA) or male pattern hair loss, as well as the common treatments, Minoxidil and other topical treatments.
Ceramide-based Moisturizers as Treatment for Pediatric Atopic Dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic inflammatory, xerotic and pruritic skin disease of increasing prevalence affecting 15-30% of children and 2-10% of adults. AD and its associated health consequences present significant challenges to patients, particularly children and their families.
What’s New in Acne Treatment in Canada?
Acne vulgaris is the most common skin disorder affecting children and young adults in North America. This article discusses combination therapy, and simplifying treatment plans in order to increase patient adherence, which is often a critical problem in treating acne.
Modifying the Course of Atopic Dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis is a chronic inflammatory skin condition. It has a relapsing course characterized by flare-ups of acute eczema on a background of chronically dry skin. The association of atopic dermatitis (AD) with asthma and allergic rhinitis is referred to as the atopic triad.
A Practical Approach to Classification and Treatment of Scars
This paper focuses on a comprehensive and practical approach to classifying and managing scars in terms of colour and texture, and discusses topical treatments accessible to family physicians in more detail.
A New Paradigm Shift in the Management of Atopic Dermatitis
Atopic eczema (or atopic dermatitis) is a common inflammatory skin condition that dermatologists, pediatricians, family physicians, and primary-care providers see on a daily basis. Treatments, mechanism of action, preventative therapies, and the skin barrier are discussed.
Therapeutic Update on External Genital Warts
External genital warts (EGW) are a common infection caused primarily by human papillomavirus (HPV) types 6 and 11. This article discusses the impact of EGW on the patient, co-factors for other STIs, and therapies for EGW.
Topical Management of Recalcitrant Psoriasis and Eczema
Psoriasis and eczema, especially atopic eczema, are two of the most common cutaneous conditions seen by family physicians and dermatologists. This article discusses the etiology of psoriasis and eczema, immunologic abnormalities, and the role of immune mediators.
Atopic Dermatitis: The Skin Barrier and the Role of Ceramides
This paper examines the pathogenesis of atopic dermatitis, the skin barrier, and the role that ceramides can play in therapy.
Topical Approaches in Combination Therapy for Acne (FP Edition)
Acne vulgaris is a chronic inflammatory cutaneous disease involving the pilosebaceous unit. This article discusses pathophysiology, sebum production, keratinization, and the role of P.acnes in acne formation.
Management of Unwanted Facial Hair (Reprint from FP 7.2)
(Reprint from STL FP 7.2) Facial hair can be a distressing, chronic problem for many women. This article discusses assessment, treatment options, side-effects, and costs. Combination therapy and its benefits are also covered.
Topical Management of Psoriasis and the Role of Vitamin D3 Analogues
Psoriasis is a chronic, recurrent, immune-mediated, papulosquamous skin condition characterized by rapid proliferation of keratinocytes. This article focuses on the role of vitamin D analogues in the treatment of psoriasis.
Topical Acne Therapy Advances in 2011
Acne vulgaris is a common disorder of the pilosebaceous follicle with multiple pathogenic factors. Topics like antibiotic treatment, antibiotic resistant, topical agents, are covered.
Update on the Management of Chronic Hand Dermatitis
Hand dermatitis (HD) is a common skin disorder affecting individuals of all ages. This article looks into the challenges associated with therapy, side-effects of commonly used treatments, and long-term management plans for HD.
Optimizing Topical Acne Therapy
Acne vulgaris is a disease of the pilosebaceous follicle characterized by non-inflammatory (open and closed comedones) and inflammatory lesions. Its pathogenesis is multifactorial - the interplay of hormonal, bacterial, and immunological (inflammatory) factors results in the formation of acne lesions.
Long-term Management of Psoriasis: Flexible Therapeutic Regimens Providing Safe and Effective Outcomes
Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition prone to periods of skin flaring. As our understanding of the etiology of psoriasis becomes clearer, the treatment regimes can be better tailored to control the disease and address psychological fears of patients.
Management of Unwanted Facial Hair
Unwanted facial hair is a common, frustrating condition that affects up to 25% of women. This article review impact on patient QOL, treatment options ranging from shaving, waxing, threading, and bleaching to electrolysis, and laser therapy.
Delivery Vehicle Advances in Dermatology
This article review the newer vehicles which include gel, foam, and spray preparations. The newer topical delivery agents have the potential to limit the progression of cutaneous disorders requiring oral systemic therapy, which can expose the patient to greater risk for adverse side-effects.
Adherence Optimization in Acne Management
Acne is a common dermatological condition found in about 85% of adolescents and young adults. Acne can have significant psychological, social or physical impacts. This article delves into the importance of patinet adherence and therapeutic strategies.
Drug Treatments for Skin Disease Introduced in 2010
Drug Treatments for Skin Disease Introduced in 2010. Adapalene 0.1% lotion (Differin®), Drospirenone / ethinyl estradiol / levomefolate calcium + levomefolate calcium tablets (Beyaz™) and many other drugs are covered.
Review of Management Options for Genital Herpes Infections
Genital herpes is a common sexually transmitted infection caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). This article discusses an overview of HSV, diagnosis and workup, as well as treatment options for management of genital herpes.
Review of Conventional Systemic Therapies for Severe Psoriasis
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory cutaneous disorder that can significantly affect patient quality of life (QoL). This article discusses immunologic abnormalities, immune mediators, and the possible pathogenesis of psoriasis.
Therapeutic Moisturizers in Eczema and Xerosis Management
Psoriasis and eczema, especially atopic eczema, are two of the most common cutaneous conditions seen by family physicians and dermatologists. This article focuses on corticosteroids of varying strengths and their suggested indications.
The Role and Topical Management of Staphylococcus aureus in Atopic Dermatitis (Family Practice)
Atopic dermatitis (AD), or eczema, is a common, chronic, relapsing, genetically determined inflammatory skin disorder. This article discusses the role of Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) as a factor to consider.
Topical Management of Rosacea
This article reviews the various subtypes of rosacea, their clinical presentations, and the considerations in choosing the optimal therapeutic options. The importance of tailored treatment is discussed as well as topical therapies.
Topical Management of Recalcitrant Psoriasis & Eczema
Psoriasis and eczema can at times be recalcitrant to conservative topical treatment. This article focuses on corticosteroid strength and their appropriate uses for various presentations.
Head Lice: A Review of Topical Therapies and Rising Pediculicidal Resistance
Head lice infestations (Pediculosis capitis) are a worldwide problem with prevalence estimates typically ranging between 1-3% in elementary school aged children. Although this obligate parasite is a nuisance, infestation does not pose a health risk.
Skin Barrier Repair in the Management of Atopic Dermatitis
The term “atopy” was first coined by Cooke and Coca in 1923, derived from the Greek word atopos, which means out of place and denotes an immune reaction that is “strange or eccentric”. Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a chronic, waxing and waning, often symmetric inflammatory eruption that is characterized by pruritus and xerosis.
Male Skin Care
For decades, skin care has primarily been considered to be the domain of women, but recently, an increasing number of men are involved. This article delves into similarities and differences in gender as it relates to skincare, and the complexities of skincare for men.
Update on the Management of Actinic Keratoses
Actinic keratoses (AKs), or solar keratoses, are pre-malignant cutaneous lesions that predominantly manifest in sun-exposed areas. They are one of the most common skin conditions seen by dermatologists, preceded only by acne vulgaris and dermatitis.
Non-Pharmacologic Management of Atopic Dermatitis
Atopic dermatitis (AD) or eczema is a chronic, relapsing skin condition that can lead to xerosis, pruritus, and patches of dermatitis. Coping with the physical and emotional aspects of AD can significantly impact the quality of life. It is most common in childhood, as many patients seem to outgrow the condition by adulthood.
A Review of Therapeutic Options for Head Lice
Head lice infestations (Pediculosis humanus capitis) are most prevalent during childhood in industrialized countries. It is estimated to occur in about 1-3% of children aged 6-12 years. Greater susceptibility is associated with girls, which is likely attributed to close contact play and the sharing of objects.