Moisturizers help control scaling and dryness and may improve associated itching. They should be applied immediately after bathing and at other times during the day. Moisturizers should be applied in the direction of the hairs to minimize the risk of “pimple-like” eruptions.
Vaseline, Eucerin and Aquaphor are all occlusive sticky products that can be of benefit.
Tars are available as shampoos, soaps, gels, lotions, creams, ointments and bath oils. Coal tar has been used since at least the beginning of the last century. These products can be combined with topical corticosteroids. These products make the skin sensitive to ultra violet-A light waves (UVA). They are often used in combination with ultra violet-B light waves (UVB). Folliculitis can be a side effect.
Tar shampoos are commonly used to treat scalp psoriasis, however they may discolor white hair, turning it a yellowish color. They also tend to have an unpleasant odor.
Salicylic acid moisturizers and shampoos help remove some of the scales seen in psoriasis. It may be useful in reducing the thickness of psoriatic scale but care must be taken to be gentle to the skin to prevent flaring of the psoriasis. It may be combined with tar, anthralin and topical corticosteroids. Salicylic acid inactivates Calcipitriol.
If applied to large area, too much of this drug can be absorbed producing toxic effects from high blood levels of salicylic acid, for example when using 2-10% Salicylic acid in petrolatum.
There are many over-the-counter “dandruff” shampoos which can improve scalp psoriasis, particularly the scaling. They include the tar and salicylic acid shampoos listed above, ketoconazole and zinc pyrithione.
Hydrocortisone cream may improve psoriasis on the face and in the skin folds and improve itching. A stronger prescription topical corticosteroid is usually required to improve psoriasis lesions elsewhere.
This is derived from chrysarobin from the bark of the Araroba tree. Anthralin is available as a cream, ointment and scalp lotion. Lower concentrations can be left on overnight, while stronger ones (1% or higher) should be left on for 15-30 minutes. It is used to treat plaque and guttate psoriasis. Short contact with a high concentration works better than longer contact with a low concentration. Anthralin slows down the growth of the skin cells and has anti-inflammatory actions. Anthralin can cause staining (purple/brown color) of your clothes, skin, and hair, which limits its use. Irritation may also occur, but this can be minimized by applying the anthralin only to the psoriasis patches and avoiding uninvolved skin. You should not use Anthralin on the face, genitals or in the skin folds.
A product developed in Sweden called Micanolâ is designed for short contact use. The anthralin does not stain if it is washed off with cool water.
- Dithrocreme® 0.1%, 0.25%, 0.5%
- DithrocremeHP® 1%
- Dithroscalp® 0,25% 0,5%
- Micanol® 1%