Vitiligo is an acquired leukoderma that results from the loss of epidermal melanocytes, and is characterized by macules and patches of depigmented skin. With a relatively high rate of prevalence, vitiligo occurs in localized, generalized, or segmental patterns; it can run a rapidly progressive course or remain stationary.
Vitiligo is an acquired skin disorder caused by the disappearance of pigment cells from the epidermis, and results in well defined white patches that are often symmetrically distributed. The lack of melanin pigment makes the lesional skin more sensitive to sunburn.
Topical ruxolitinib shows promise in various dermatological conditions, including atopic dermatitis, vitiligo, psoriasis, and lichen planus, with a favorable safety profile compared to oral JAK inhibitors. However, its effectiveness in alopecia areata remains inconclusive.